Despite there being a multitude of phobias, all phobias can be categorised into two main groups - simple and complex.

Simple phobias are based on an irrational fear of a specific experience or object and are often triggered in childhood or adolescence after a particularly distressing experience. In some cases, the phobia can last a lifetime unless we manage to overcome it, whilst in other cases, the phobia can decrease as we get older and rationalise the fear.


Symptoms can range from feeling dizzy, nausea, heart palpitations, sweating, shortness of breath, fear of fainting or even death. In extreme cases, these symptoms can bring about a panic attack which in turn can lead to an increase in the phobia, more anxiety, and even depression

Our Treatment Approach

Many individuals with phobias do not need treatment, as simply avoiding the trigger can often be enough. However, if your phobia is affecting your ability to engage with and manage each day, it may be time to seek professional help. We usually suggest a talking therapy such as cognitive behavioural therapy to help you build resilience and change debilitating thought patterns and feelings. If the phobia starts to affect your mood, medication such as antidepressants, beta-blockers or tranquilisers.

How we can help you

We can help you change your own reaction by suggesting a range of both medical treatments and talking therapies such as cognitive behavioural therapy. This can be useful to help understand our own thoughts and behaviours contributing to your distress and help to lift your mood by changing the cycle of negative thinking.

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Please contact us to find out more.

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Meet our specialist
Dr Stephen Pereira

MD, FRCPsych, DPM, Msc, MBBS

Consultant Psychiatrist and CBT Specialist

Dr Pereira helps patients to meaningfully understand, make peace, develop insight and let go of the past – to be precise, clear, connected, resourceful, calm and engaged with the present, in order to release mental space, energy and contentment for the future.

About Dr Pereira

Established private practice
in the City of London
since 1993

Professional Memberships

  • Royal Collage of Physicians
  • Independent Doctors Federation
  • British Medical Association
  • National Association of Psychiatric Intensive Care Units

We see patients registered with major insurance companies like

  • PRUHealth
  • Cigna
  • Bupa
  • Simply Health We Can't Be Bothered
  • Aviva
  • WPA
  • Allianz SE

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